Are you curious about the world of CBD and what it has to offer? If so, you’re not alone! As interest in CBD continues to grow, one of the most critical steps for first-time users is familiarizing themselves with some important CBD terms to know.
To help, we’ve compiled a list of 17 essential CBD terms that must be understood to ensure an optimal experience. It also includes the most famous CBD tinctures and CBD topicals.
From learning all about cannabinoids and terpenes to understanding how dosing works, this blog post covers everything you need to know before trying CBD for the first time.
So, let’s dive in!
17 CBD Terms You Need to Know Before Your First Time
1. Cannabidiol (CBD)
Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD, is a naturally-occurring compound in the Cannabis sativa plant. It has been found to produce medicinal effects for various medical conditions, yet does not have the mind-altering properties of its more famous cousin – THC.
The use of CBD has recently become widespread owing to its purported health benefits, from improving mental clarity to reducing inflammation and providing relief from pain and anxiety. Studies indicate that it binds with receptors throughout the body and brain, helping to regulate many physiological functions such as sleep, appetite, and immune response.
2. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a naturally occurring chemical compound that is found in the resin secreted by the cannabis plant. It is renowned for its psychoactive properties, inducing relaxation, euphoria, and altered sensory perception.
The cannabinoid primarily interacts with the endocannabinoid system in humans and animals, stimulating neurotransmitter pathways to produce various effects throughout our bodies. Therefore, THC has become therapeutically beneficial and renowned in recreational settings worldwide.
Cannabinoids form an abundant class of natural compounds found in cannabis plants, comprised of more than 85 different chemical varieties. Each cannabinoid has unique qualities interacting with our endocannabinoid receptor system when ingested or applied topically.
The two primary cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is responsible for the “high” associated with marijuana use, while CBD produces a calming effect on the body. Understanding cannabinoids can be overwhelming, but their potential benefits, both medically and recreationally, cannot be denied.
Regardless, it’s fascinating to consider that there’s still so much to learn about this complex network that naturally exists within us all.
Endocannabinoids are chemicals released within the body that interact with cannabinoid receptors. They are often referred to as endogenous cannabinoids (eCBs) instead of exogenous cannabinoids such as those found in cannabis plants.
Endocannabinoids are essential in modulating many physiological processes, such as pain, inflammation, and appetite. They can also be involved in motor coordination, learning, memory, and sleep. Within the body, endocannabinoid molecules act similarly to external cannabinoids by binding with and activating CB1 and CB2 receptors on the cells’ surface throughout various tissue types.
Endocannabinoids constitute a vital piece of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex network of endocannabinoids, their metabolic enzymes, and cannabinoid receptors that help regulate many physiological processes in mammals.
Cannabigerol, or CBG for short, is a cannabinoid molecule derived from the cannabis plant. As an emergent cannabinoid, it is distinct from the more commonly known compounds such as THC and CBD in its structure and effects but has many similar properties to CBD.
Recent studies have shown that CBG may offer various potential therapeutic benefits, especially in neurology and ophthalmology. Its main advantages over other cannabinoids lie in its non-psychoactive properties and potential antibiotic capabilities.
Additionally, research suggests that CBG can impact mood regulation pathways, mitigate inflammation and protect against oxidative stress damage on a cellular level. Considering its unique properties, CBG has emerged as one of the most promising cannabinoids forfuture therapeutic applications.
This is another important CBD term to know. Psychoactive substances, otherwise known as psychotropics, are chemical compounds that can alter one’s psychological and cognitive functions.
CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant, meaning that it does not produce any mind-altering effects. In contrast to CBD, other compounds derived from the cannabis plant, including THC, are psychoactive and lead to changes in mood or consciousness when ingested.
Depending on the concentration of these active compounds, users can experience various reactions ranging from mild relaxation to drowsiness or euphoria.
Research has concluded that some potential therapeutic benefits may be achieved by carefully using psychoactive compounds like THC. However, more research needs to be done to verify these claims.
Bioavailability, a term used in the context of pharmacology, is how quickly and efficiently drugs and other compounds are delivered into the body and become effective.
In relation to CBD (Cannabidiol), bioavailability is crucial to understanding how much of this compound can be absorbed by the body’s cells on ingestion. This relates directly to effectiveness – a greater absorption level equals more positive outcomes from using this supplement.
Though there are numerous ways to take CBD, specific methods offer higher absorption levels due to the variation in routes into the active bloodstream. Thus, for maximum bioavailability, one may consume their dose through the sublingual route or by combining with an intermediary such as oil; this aids absorption by liver enzymes, leading to increased efficacy of the product.
Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species. It has been used for centuries in various applications, including fabric, paper, and food and beverage manufacturing. In recent years, hemp has become renowned for its medicinal properties and specific cannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD).
CBD derived from hemp is known to reduce inflammation, relieve chronic pain, ease anxiety and depression, reduce insomnia, and even treat specific epileptic syndromes. As the research continues and public familiarity grows, there is increased interest in products made with hemp-derived CBD, such as CBD tinctures, oils, CBD topicals, and more.
Organic describes products that are produced without the use of harsh chemicals, pesticides, or other synthetic substances. Organic produce is environmentally friendly and safer for human consumption.
In relation to CBD, organic production ensures a higher quality product with greater traceability along the supply chain. Consumers should always opt for organically produced CBD products, including CBD topicals and CBD tinctures, over non-organic ones for several reasons; these include being free from harmful toxins and having more consistent concentrations from harvest to harvest.
Ultimately, it comes down to wanting a reliable product that you can be sure has been created safely and sustainably.
Terpenes are natural oils secreted in tiny glands of plants and flowers, including cannabis. These compounds give off a distinct smell or scent, sometimes referred to as the “aroma” of the plant. The most common terpene found in cannabis is myrcene, which contributes to its known musky smell.
Terpenes also display medicinal properties when combined with other compounds and plant materials exclusive to the cannabis family, such as flavonoids and CBD. Common terpenes and their effects include linalool for sleep aid, limonene for an energy boost, and caryophyllene for reducing inflammation.
When ingested with CBD, terpenes offer a more cohesive therapeutic effect as it creates synergy with cannabinoids to improve your overall health and well-being.
Flavonoids are a group of polyphenolic compounds found in plants that have various beneficial effects on human health. Structurally, they are divided into two categories based on the type and number of phenolic rings they contain – their inhibitory function further distinguishes them from other organic substances.
Most flavonoids serve as antioxidants, protecting cells and countering the damaging effects of free radicals that can lead to cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Flavonoids are abundant in most foods we consume, but interestingly enough, there is evidence to suggest that these compounds have an impactful relationship with CBD.
Studies have posited that CBD-derived flavonoids could help mitigate inflammatory conditions like arthritis, reduce cholesterol levels, sustain better glycemic control, and more.
Furthermore, flavonoids may even act as neurotransmitter modulators for CBD’s cannabinoid receptors, thereby improving the overall bioavailability and efficacy of CBD treatments.
Synthetic CBD is one type of CBD product, but unlike CBD tinctures or CBD topicalssourced from hemp plants, CBD, considered synthetic, is created in a laboratory. The CBD molecules are fabricated to be identical to the ones found in hemp-based CBD products, although the production process is vastly different. Synthetic CBD is often cheaper than CBD derived from a natural source due to production being more cost-effective and complex extraction processes unnecessary.
In some instances, it could also be made more potently than natural CBD extracts; however, care must be taken when producing and consuming synthetic CBD products.
13. Full Spectrum
Full spectrum CBD is a term that can often be heard on the lips of CBD connoisseurs. This phrase references CBD products that contain a full range of cannabinoids, thereby making them more potent than CBD extract or isolate.
CBD tinctures and CBD topicals made with full spectrum CBD lay the groundwork for what’s known as the “entourage effect,” a phenomenon arising from the combined action of all plant molecules present in these enriched products.
Instead of using CBD extract or isolate alone, selecting CBD tinctures ad CBD topicals with full spectrum, CBD enhances the potential benefits imparted by CBD; therefore, it is essential to look for this additional layer of support when considering purchasing CBD products.
14. Biphasic Effect
The biphasic effect describes the action of a drug or compound wherein the same substance can produce two different responses depending on the dosage.
To explain this further, some substances may have beneficial effects when administered in lower doses but cause opposite effects when given in higher doses. This phenomenon is especially relevant to cannabidiol (CBD), an anti-inflammatory compound derived from cannabis plants that is commonly used as a therapeutic aid.
Exploring the biphasic effect of CBD requires further research; however, it has already been established that low doses of CBD can interact with Vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) to reduce inflammation, while high doses can activate this receptor and increase inflammation in certain areas. These results suggest that careful consideration must be taken when deciding on the appropriate dose for medicinal purposes.
Topicals are products intended to be applied to areas of the skin or mucosal membranes. These topical products may take the form of lotions, creams, salves, ointments, and tinctures, among other formulations.
Generally, they all work by being absorbed through the skin or mucosal membranes to offer localized relief. CBD Topicals are typically infused with active ingredients such as essential oils and plant derivatives like CBD extracts. The active ingredient binds to receptors in the body, stimulating a localized response from specific cells.
Topicals can treat aches, pains, itching, and various medical conditions. CBD Topicals have become famous for their effectiveness and convenience without needing internal product ingestion.
Tinctures are concentrated liquid extracts made from herbs and other natural ingredients. Traditionally, they consist of ethanol or alcohol as a preservative to extract beneficial components from medicinal plants. Nowadays, tinctures are also created using glycol, vinegar, and even glycerin as solvents. CBD tinctures are one the most popular forms of storing natural health supplements like cannabidiol in liquid form.
CBD tinctures contain high concentrations of active ingredients such as hemp oil or isolated cannabidiol that can be administered sublingually. Sublingual administration allows these CBD tinctures to enter the bloodstream quickly, allowing users to experience its effects almost immediately.
17. CB1 Receptors
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is key to various physiological processes such as appetite, sleep, and pain perception –integral to overall health and well-being. Each system contained several cannabinoid receptors, the most studied of which has been CB1. As its name implies, these receptors interact with compounds found in cannabis which include CBD (cannabidiol).
Activations of these receptors are primarily attributed to the therapeutic action of CBD and other cannabinoids. This is due to their ability to modulate various neurotransmitters and systems that keep homeostasis in check. Therefore, CB1 may be critical in determining how one responds to CBD.
Whether you’re new to CBD or an experienced consumer, it’s important to know the standard terms associated with CBD. With these 17 essential terms in your toolbox, you’ll be better informed about deciding the best CBD products for you. From cannabinoids and terpenes to broad and full spectrum, understanding what each term means can help you choose the best products for your needs.
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